Four Categories Pertaining to Will and Order
All of the matters are of four categories. The first is something that Allah Willed and Ordered for it to be done, and that is the belief of the believers and the obedience of the obedient. The second is something that Allah Willed but did not Order for it to be done, and that is the sin of the sinners and the blasphemy of the blasphemers. However, Allah does not Accept blasphemy; even though He Created it by His Will, He does not Accept it from His slaves. Allah the Exalted Said:
﴿وَلَا يَرْضَىٰ لِعِبَادِهِ الْكُفْرَ﴾
[which means] “He does not Accept blasphemy for His slaves.”
The third category is a matter Allah did not Will for, but He did Order for it to be done, such as belief in reference to the blasphemers that Allah Knew would die on blasphemy. They were ordered with belief, but He did not Will that for them. The fourth is a matter that He did not Will and He did not Order, such as blasphemy in reference to the Prophets and the Angels.
So whoever is a believer in the Honorable Qur’an, then let him stop at the Saying of Allah:
﴿لَا يُسْأَلُ عَمَّا يَفْعَلُ وَهُمْ يُسْأَلُونَ﴾
[which means] “He is not asked about what He does, they are asked.” So it is not said, “How could Allah torture the sinners in the Hereafter for their sins that He Willed for them to fall into?”